On October 31, the Russian Defense Minisry released a video showing the loading of the RS-24 Yars intercontinental ballistic missile into a silo on the launching site.
The RS-24 Yars is capable of carrying up to six independently targetable warheads with a payload of between 150 and 500 kilotons apiece.
It began to be introduced into Russia’s Strategic Missile Forces in the early 2010s. The missile is to serve as the backbone of the ground-based component of the country’s nuclear deterrent for decades to come.
|11,000 km (6,800 mi)-12,000 km (7,500 mi)|
|Speed||over Mach 20 (24,500 km/h; 15,220 mph; 6,806 m/s)|
|Inertial with Glonass|
|Silo, road-mobile TEL MZKT-79221|
It has been reported that in 2019 a total of 31 Yars launchers will be equipped with Avangard gliding re-entry vehicles and will be deployed operationally.
The Yars was designed to evade missile defense systems. This missile maneuvers during the flight and carries both active and passive decoys. It is estimated that it has at least 60-65% chance to penetrate defenses.
A silo-based version of the Yars is compatible with silo of older Russian ICBMs, that were phased out of service. It uses complete infrastructure of the previous missiles. It only takes to load the new missile into the silo. A typical silo-based unit has 10 Yars missiles and command post.
A road mobile Yars TEL is based on Belarusian MZKT-79221 16×16 heavy high mobility chassis. This chassis was specially designed for the Topol-M intercontinental missile. First three and last three axles are steered. So this vehicle is very maneuverable for its size. Also it has good cross-country mobility. The TEL vehicle is operated by a crew of three. The Yars mobile launcher has autonomy on roads of 500 km. It allows the vehicle to operate undetected in an area equivalent to a small European country.
Road mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles are harder to detect and hit. The Yars has a high probability of surviving the first strike, once the country has been attacked. Once on high alert, the Yars missiles can leave their bases and operate in remote forest areas to increase their survivability.
It takes 7 minutes to prepare the missile for launch. The Yars can launch its missile from prepared site, special garage with a sliding roof, or from unprepared position during field deployment. The TEL vehicle can leave its position once the missile is launched.
During field deployment the Yars TEL is escorted by a number support vehicles, including support vehicle, mobile command posts, signals vehicle, fuel tanker, and a host of other military vehicles with troops to ensure security of the missile. In case of emergency the TEL vehicle can operate autonomously without its escort. A fuel tanker is based on a similar 16×16 chassis, but carries an enormous fuel tank in place of ballistic missile.
The Yars intercontinental ballistic missile was designed for a service life of about 20 years.