Leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA) Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar declined to sign the ceasefire agreement proposed during the Berlin conference on the Libyan conflict on January 19, according to a diplomatic source quoted by RIA Novosti.
After the Berlin conference, it was revealed that the supposedly reached agreements still have to be signed by the LNA and the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA), as well as to be approved by the UN Security Council.
Meanwhile, the LNA continues blocking oil exports through its ports in order to pressure the GNA and its foreign backers.
On January 19, the National Oil Corporation (NOC) said that guards under LNA command had shut down the pipeline leading to the coastal city of Zawiya forcing the corporation to limit oil production at the Sharara and El Feel oil fields.
- The El Sharara field (300,000 bpd) is operated by the NOC in a joint venture with Spain’s Repsol, France’s Total, Austria’s OMV and Norway’s Equinor
- The El Feel field (70,000 bpd) is operated by the NOC and Italy’s Eni produces.
On January 18, pro-LNA forces shut down oil ports and oilfields in Libya’s east leading to the loss of 800,000 bpd production ($55 million daily) for the NOC.
The LNA decision to limit the Libyan oil export and to not sign the documents proposed in Berlin demonstrate its readiness to continue providing its pro-Libyan course and further, regardless the pressure that it’s facing from Western powers.
A political analyst told that Ankara’s primary interest in the Libyan conflict was to protect its claims to the natural gas in the eastern Mediterranean.
“Turkey wants to guarantee itself a base in Libya to protect what Ankara says it owns of gas reserves in the Mediterranean Sea,” he said.
However, while protecting its claims to natural gas in the Mediterranean is a top priority for Turkey, Ankara has other important interests, foremost among them being commercial ties with Libya.
“There are many billions of dollars of overdue payments that Libya owes Turkey, leftover from the Gaddafi era,” he explained.