The average number of hours worked by Israelis every week was 40.9 and hourly pay stood at 61.70 shekels, a 4% increase.
Median income – the mid-point between the highest and lowest incomes – was 7,988 shekels ($2303.54), a 6.3% increase over 2017.
Pay grew an average of 4% last year to a pre-tax average of 10,584 shekels ($3,050 at current exchange rates) a month.
Part of the gap was due to the fact that women work on average fewer hours per month than men – a difference of 44.7 versus 39.6. When pay is calculated on an hourly basis, some of the gap is removed and the difference narrows to 16% – 66.30 shekels an hour for men ($19.12) and 55.70 ($16.06) for women.
Some economists also attribute the difference to parenting, with women typically taking on much more of the responsibility.
Men with 16 or more years of schooling earned an average hourly wage of 100.80 shekels ($29.07), compared with 78.40 shekels ($22.61) for women with the same education, a difference of 22.3%.
The average gross monthly wage for Jews was 11,191 shekels ($3227.21), versus 7,338 ($2116.10) for Arabs.
For Jewish men, monthly average pay was 13,558 shekels (3909.80) in 2018, compared with 8,190 (236.80) for an Arab male, a difference of 39.6%. That was an improvement over 2017 when the difference was 40.3%.