Originally built during the Soviet Union, the Tu-22M3 planes have undergone extensive modernization. Previously, the aircraft had been based in Russia and had flown to Syria just for certain missions, but will now be based in Khmeimim, on the Mediterranean coast.
Russia has been a long-time ally of Syria, and has been involved in the Syrian Civil War since 2015, when it was invited by the Damascus government, led by President Bashar Assad, to help fight against a terrorist insurgency in the country.
With the Khmeimim airbase’s reconstruction, which includes the installation of new lighting and radio equipment, all types of aircraft in service with the Russian armed forces can now use it to take off and land.
While in the country, the bombers will undergo training in flights over the sea. Once practice is complete, they will return to permanent airfields in Russia.
The Tu-22M3 is a strike bomber which made its maiden flight on June 20, 1977. In 2018 it was heavily modernized.
According to the website of Tupolev, the company that made the plane, the aircraft now has a significantly larger combat radius and effectiveness.
In March, three people were killed when the ejection system of a Tu-22M3 bomber aircraft went off during pre-flight preparations in the Russian city of Kaluga.
With the altitude far too low for parachutes to work, the crew members were killed when they came back to ground.