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The formidable task of landing a spacecraft on the lunar surface.

For 48 days, Beresheet’s ground crew watched, monitored and executed every maneuver of the spacecraft from a control center at IAI’s Yehud headquarters.

Once in position to descend, the landing maneuver – split into two phases of decreasing horizontal velocity and then vertical velocity – commenced but failed to land after contact was lost with the spacecraft’s main engine, leading to a loss of altitude and subsequent crash landing.

According to initial assessments, one of the spacecraft’s inertial measurement units (IMUs) failed during the final effort.