The concessions Israel would have to make to the Palestinian Authority under the peace plan which was unveiled Tuesday by the Trump Administration have been revealed
Under the plan, Israel would apply sovereignty to all Jewish communities in Judea and Samaria as well as the strategically important Jordan Valley. In addition, Jerusalem would remain the undivided capital of Israel within the security barrier.
However, Israel would be required to give up land within the pre-1967 borders in a land-swap to compensate for the land which would fall under Israel sovereignty, including several enclaves near the border with Egypt which would be connected to Gaza.. Those enclaves would serve as a high-tech industrial zone and a residential and agricultural zone.
Parts of Jerusalem which lie beyond the security barrier would become part of the capital of the Palestinian State.
The state of Palestine would also have access to the Israeli ports of Haifa and Ashdod.
In addition, Israel would not only freeze all Jewish construction in areas earmarked for the Palestinian state under for four years, but would also cease all demolitions of illegal Arab constructions in those parts of Area C of Judea and Samaria which the plan envisions as becoming part of the state of Palestine.
What is known for sure is that the US wants to offer PNA a “peace to prosperity” plan, where Palestinians will be incentivised to take the peace offering in exchange for massive investments in the PNA’s economy that, in Washington’s view, will lead them to economic success.
The deal will suggest investing a whopping $50 billion in the Palestinian territories as well as in neighbouring Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan over 10 years to stimulate the local economies. Additionally, the plan envisages the construction of a transport link between the Gaza Strip and the PNA’s West Bank territories with the aid of $5 billion.
At the same time, the US doesn’t plan to be the only or even the main investor, expecting mostly regional powers, as well as Europe and China, to pay their share in this investment fund. It’s unclear, however, how many of these countries are actually ready to participate in such a generous offer.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said Tuesday that the proposed peace agreement raises questions that Berlin intends to discuss with other EU partners.